Understanding Developmental Anatomy
Short introduction about the cell taking into consideration:
How did you originate?
Purpose in the overall scheme of the whole organism in which you are part of.
I am a hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) in the ZEBRAFISH.
HSC are most abundant and originated from endothelial cells and bone marrow. HSC includes some form of differentiation, and embryonic development during adulthood. It major purpose is the transplantation setting; meaning that it traces stem cells in vivo (embryo and adult) in a regenerative content. The fate of HSC is that it starts off from evolution of embryo cells (pluripotent) transforming into adult stem cells (multipotent) and lastly to specialized cells by the Notch-Runx pathway. The advantage of multipotent cells is that it can move into a different cell of a particular tissue for specification and cell renewal.
POETRY CAN BE SELF-STIMULATING AND ENHANCE LEARNING TECHNIQUES……………
THIS POEM IS WHERE EACH STANZA GIVES INSIGHTS ABOUT DIFFERENT OBJECTIVES OF HSC FOR FURTHER UNDERSTANDING OF THIS MODEL ORGANISM. HOPE YOY ENJOY………….
STANZA 1- PURPOSE IN THE OVERALL ORGANISM
STANZA 2- FATE
STANZA 3- FEATURES OF THE CELL
STANZA 4- IMPORTANT ASPECTS IN THE FIELD OF RESEARCH.
HSC HISTORY IN ZEBRAFISH
HSC shows ways of differentiation,
From pluripotent into adult stem cells followed by specialized cells defines their migration,
As its major purpose is cell regeneration,
Not forgetting, embryonic development and transplantation.
The formation of new cells (progenitor cells) is known as the regenerative strategy
HSC can replace themselves indefinitely; a unique capacity,
HSC develop thirty two hours after fertilization;
Similar to a mammalian.
Being established by the Notch- Runx pathway,
First the Golgi, Notch extracellular domain then to final cleavage in nucleus are features HSC display,
Embryo and larvae described as developmental morphology,
Organs transformation is the anatomy.
It requires thirteen protein coding genes and one non coding for replication,
As their large sizes and short lifecycles can be utilized to decrease gene expression,
Importance in research of toxicology and environmental biology,
This is a poem about the HSC history.
INFORMATION CAN BE USEFUL
SO BE THANKFUL
STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF HSC IN THE ZEBRAFISH
JUST A LITTLE EXTRA READING ABOUT UNDERSTANDING THE PRINCIPLES UNDERLYING THE STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF HSC IN THE ZEBRAFISH.
As outlined in the introduction, HSC can be used in analyzing theories of
TISSUE STEM CELLS
As their function is to form, migrate, maintain during development in terms of its ability to self renew and differentiate into all blood types.
THIS IS WHAT WE ALREADY KNOW.
LETS MOVE A LITTLE FURTHER…..
Let’s look at it in this way……
Gene transcription and epigenetic modifications as a way of balancing differentiated cell population are the major processes outlined.
All vertebrates including zebrafish have primitive and definitive waves of hematopoiesis.
There is an exception.
HSCs are only produced by the definitive wave. This takes place in the ICM. Where hematopoiesis shifts to the posterior blood island (PBI). The definitive wave starts in the aorta-gonadmesonephros (AGM). There are three HSC migration and colonization events which begin 2 days post-fertilization: They are outlined below:
AGM progenitor cells migrate to:
(1) the caudal hematopoietic tissue (CHT)- intermediate site of blood development
(2) the thymus – site of lymphocyte maturation
NOT FORGETTING THE :
(3) the developing kidney marrow- the larval and adult location for production of all hematopoietic cell types
Valuable vocabulary is simply getting the mind prepared to understanding words that might seem to difficult to analyze……
PUTTING HSC IN THEORY
BY USAGE OF VOCABULARY…….
Differentiation- development process from simple to complex things
Transplantation- transfer of an organ to tissue
Regenerative- tissue that has grown to replace old ones
Multipotent- ability to develop into any cell type
Specification- building forms of other tissue
Renewal- replace damaged things
Morphology- structure and functions of an organism
Anatomy- study of physical and internal structure
Replicating- duplicating or reproducing something.
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- . A contig map of the Mhc class I genomic region in the zebrafish reveals ancient synteny. J Immunol 2000;164(10):52Abstract/FREE Full Text 1908: The term “stem cell” was proposed for scientific use by the Russian histologist Alexander Maksimov (1874–1928) at congress of hematologic society in Berlin. It postulated existence of haematopoietic stem cells.
- 1960s: Joseph Altman and Gopal Das present scientific evidence of adult neurogenesis, ongoing stem cell activity in the brain; their reports contradict Cajal‘s “no new neurons” dogma and are largely ignored.
- 1963: McCulloch and Till illustrate the presence of self-renewing cells in mouse bone marrow.
- 1968: Bone marrow transplant between two siblings successfully treats SCID.
- 1978: Haematopoietic stem cells are discovered in human cord blood.